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About Mathematics

Math. It's one of the oldest subjects in the history of mankind. It is also one of the most important subjects needed to be able to function in today's society. Everyone needs to know math in some way or another to do a job properly.



At Lakeshore Collegiate Institute, our math teachers make math accessible to everyone, by making it challenging, interesting and fun. They also offer "Math Help sessions" for anyone who needs extra help. We might not get it at first, and we sometimes get frustrated, but our teachers, with great patience, always do their best to help us understand.



Click here to read more about our Math Matters program.

Courses in the Math Department

Grade 9

Grade 9, Academic (MPM 1D1)

This course enables students to develop generalizations of mathematical ideas and methods through applications, technology, and abstract reasoning. Students investigate straight line and relationships between volume and surface area in measurement, and apply extended algebraic skills in problem solving.

Grade 9, Applied (MFM 1P1)

This course enables students to develop mathematical ideas and methods through applications, technology and hands on activities. Students investigate straight lines, solve problems involving measurement, and apply numeric and algebraic skills in problem solving.

Grade 9, Locally Developed (MAT 1L1)

This course will develop and enhance strategies that are needed to develop mathematical literacy skills and the competence to use these skills in their day-to-day lives.

Grade 9, Locally Developed (MAT 1L2) Numeracy Support Bridge Course

This course is designed to bridge gaps in a students math readiness, for students who are not achieving at grade level, but who would like to study mathematics at the Applied/College level in the future.  There will be an emphasis on key expectations from the grade 8 math curriculum, selected to maximize success for students who study gr. 9 Applied math after taking this course.




Grade 10

Grade 10, Academic (MPM 2D1)

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relations, extend their skills in multi-step problem solving, and continue to develop their abilities in abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic functions, analytic geometry and trigonometry.

Grade 10, Applied (MFM 2P1)

This course enables students to apply their understanding of key mathematical concepts through hands-on activities and to extend their problem-solving experiences in a variety of applications. The effective use of technology in learning and in solving problems will be a focus of the course.

Grade 10, Locally Developed (MAT 2L1)

These courses are designed to assist students who have significant gaps in knowledge, conceptual understanding and skills in one or more of the three subject areas. This course will develop and enhance strategies that are needed to develop mathematical literacy skills and the competence to use these skills in their day-to-day lives.






Grade 11

Functions and Relations - Grade 11, University (MCR 3U1)

This course extends students' experiences with functions and trigonometry, and introduces second-degree relations. Students will develop facility in operating with polynomial, rational, and exponential expressions; they will develop an understanding of inverses and transformations of functions; and they will develop facility in communicating mathematical reasoning. Students will study sequences and series and apply it to problems in personal finance. Loci and the properties and applications of conics will also be studied. This course prepares students for any of the three grade 12 mathematics courses. It is intended for students planning to study engineering, mathematics, chemistry, physics, and/or computer science.

Functions - Grade 11, College/University (MCF 3M1)

This course extends students' experiences with functions and trigonometry, and introduces some financial applications of mathematics. Students will develop facility in operating with polynomial, rational, and exponential expressions; and they will develop an understanding of inverses and transformations of functions. Students will study sequences and series and apply it to problems in personal finance.

Mathematics of Personal Finance - Grade 11, College (MBF 3C1)

Students will broaden their understanding of exponential growth and important areas of finance. They will develop skills in manipulating exponential expressions; solve problems and investigate financial applications involving compound interest and annuities; and apply mathematics in making informed decisions about transportation, accommodation, and career choices.

Mathematics for Everyday Life - Grade 11, Workplace (MEL 3E1)

Students will broaden their understanding of mathematics as it applies in important areas of day-to-day living. Students will solve problems associated with earning money, paying taxes and making purchases; apply calculations of simple and compound interest in saving, investing, and borrowing; and calculate the costs of transportation and travel. This course is intended for students who do not intend to study mathematics at any post secondary institute in the future.






Grade 12

Geometry and Discrete Mathematics - Grade 12, University (MGA 4U1)

This course enables students to broaden their mathematics knowledge and skills as related to abstract mathematical topics and to solving complex problems. Vectors, proofs, and combinatorics are the three main areas of study. This course is designed for students who are pursuing a career with a heavy focus on mathematics at university (engineering, pure mathematics, computer science, physical sciences).

Advanced Functions and Introductory Calculus - Grade 12, University (MCB 4U1)

This course provides students with background skills in functions as a foundation for the study of the elementary principles of differential calculus. The intent of this course is to prepare students for university calculus and the wide range of programs that use the skills of calculus (i.e. engineering, social sciences, economics).

Mathematics of Data Management - Grade 12, University (MDM 4U1)

Students will apply methods for organizing and analyzing large amounts of information; apply counting techniques, probability and statistics in modeling and solving problems; and carry out a culminating project that integrates the expectations of the course and encourages perseverance and independence. Students planning to pursue university programs in business, the social sciences, or the humanities will find this course of particular interest.

College and Apprenticeship Mathematics - Grade 12, College (MAP 4C1)

This course equips students with the mathematics knowledge and skills they will need in many college programs. They include accounting, marketing, E business, dental assistant, construction engineering technician, pharmacy assistant, and interior design. Statistics, measurement, geometry and trigonometry will be used to analyse and solve a variety of problems.

Mathematics for College Technology - Grade 12, College (MCT 4C1)

This course equips students with the mathematical knowledge and skills needed for entry into college technology programs. They include computer, electronic, mechanical or civil engineering technology, computer analyst, computer programmer, computer systems technician. The course enables students to consolidate and expand on many pre-calculus concepts. Use of technology is an integral part of this course.

Mathematics for Everyday Life - Grade 12, Workplace (MEL 4E1)

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in important areas of day-to-day living. Topics studied include statistics, probability, accommodation costs, household budgets, estimation, and geometry used in the creation of designs. This course is intended for students who do not intend to study mathematics at any postsecondary institute in the future.
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