Alpha II was created in 2007 by a dedicated group of ALPHA Alternative Elementary School parents, the Toronto District School Board, and Board Trustees. It was developed to be a grades 7-12 school where young people familiar with the ALPHA elementary model could continue their learning. Opened in 1972, ALPHA elementary is Toronto’s original democratic school and the oldest elementary alternative public school in Toronto. ALPHA is an acronym for A Lot of People Hoping for an Alternative. The form of democratic education supported by Alpha II is referred to as free schooling by some and unschooling by others. Alpha II is a school particularly attractive to homeschooling families who would like access to a public education based on the free schooling model.