Special Education

Students who have behavioural, communicational, intellectual, physical or multiple exceptionalities, may require special education programs and /or services to benefit fully from their school experience. Special education programs and services primarily consist of instruction and assessments that are different from those provided to the general student population. These may take the form of accommodations (such as specific teaching strategies, preferential seating, and assistive technology) and/or an educational program that is modified from the age-appropriate grade level expectations in a particular course or subject, as outlined in the Ministry of Education's curriculum policy documents.

Description of an IEP 

An IEP is a written plan describing the special education program and/or services developed for a particular student. It identifies learning expectations that are modified from or are alternative to the expectations given in the curriculum policy document for the grade level subject or course. It also outlines any accommodations and special education services needed to assist the student in achieving his or her learning expectations. The IEP provides a framework for communicating information about the student’s progress to parents/guardians and the student on the Progress Report Card and the Provincial Report Card.

Why a student has an IEP

Regulation 181/98 requires the development of an IEP for every student identified as exceptional by an Identification, Placement and Review Committee.
An IEP may also be developed for students who have not been formally identified as exceptional but who require special education programs and/or services. An IEP is required when the principal, in consultation with members of the In-school Support Team (IST) or School Support Team (SST) determines that:
-a student’s achievement will be assessed on the basis of modified expectations; and/or
-a student regularly requires accommodations for instructional or assessment purposes.
The TDSB position is that students who are not exceptional are entitled to receive Resource support for one reporting period without the development of an IEP. If the recommendation of the IST or SST is for continued support beyond that, then an IEP must be developed.


Accommodations refer to the special teaching and assessment strategies, individualized equipment, technology and environmental adjustments that are required in order for the student to access the curriculum and demonstrate learning of the regular grade level expectations. There are three types of accommodations - instructional, environmental and assessment.
Instructional - adjustment in teaching strategies
Environmental - change or support to the physical environment of the classroom and/or school
Assessment - adjustment in assessment activities/ methods to enable the student to demonstrate learning


Modifications are changes made to the grade level expectations that involve altering the number and/or complexity of the grade level expectations.


The Special Education Department offers modified programs for the courses below:

GLS (GLE) General Learning Strategies

This course focuses on learning strategies to help students become better, more independent learners. Students will learn how to develop and apply literacy and numeracy skills, personal management skills, and interpersonal and teamwork skills to improve their learning and achievement in school, the workplace, and the community. The course helps students build confidence and motivation to pursue opportunities for success in secondary school and beyond.

ENG 1L/2L English (Locally Developed Course)

This course provides foundational literacy and communication skills to prepare students for success in their daily lives, in the workplace, and in the Grade 10 LDCC Course. The course is organized into strands that develop listening and talking skills, reading and viewing skills, and writing skills. In all strands, the focus is on developing foundational literacy skills and on using language clearly and accurately in a variety of authentic contexts. Students develop strategies and put into practice the processes involved in talking, listening, reading, viewing, writing, and thinking, and reflect regularly upon their growth in these areas.

Software and Resources

Read & Write 10

Read & Write is an assistive technology software designed to provide literacy support for students of all ages and abilities. This software helps students who require extra assistance when reading or writing, supporting them in developing their literacy skills and allowing them to enjoy greater independence.

To download Read & Write 10 for use at home, follow this link:
Speak to your school administrator to receive the required user name and password and follow the download and installation instructions below.

Instructions for PC - Read & Write 10
Instructions for Mac - Read & Write 10