"Active" Field Studies VS "Passive" Field Studies
- the teacher is a facilitator and resource person VS the teacher/expert is a tour guide
- the field is the source of data VS the teacher/expert is the source of data
- the student is a participant VS the student is an audience
- the student collects raw data and processes it later VS the student collects "processed" data
- the student forms their own conclusions VS the student summarizes the conclusions of others
- skills include observing, recording, classifying, generalizing, summarizing VS skills include listening and note making
- connections are made by the student VS connections are made for the student
- the student’s attention is focused VS the student’s attention is directed
- the student is allowed to discover what there is to see VS the student is told what to see
- end product: knowledge as understanding VS end product "knowledge as content"
- knowledge goes beyond the experience VS knowledge is limited to the experience
Both types of field studies have value, but each type of study provides a different kind of learning experience for the student.