Grade 1 Elements of Music

Grade 1 Elements of Music

- fast and slow tempi (tempi is the plural of tempo, which is the speed of the beat)
- rhythm (the pattern of long and short notes) versus beat (the steady pulse in music)
- two and four beats per bar (2/4 and 4/4 metres)
- quarter note (oral prompt: “ta”),     
eighth note(s) (oral prompt: “ti-ti”),       

quarter rest   

- simple rhythmic ostinato (i.e. a continuous repeated pattern, such as “ta, ta, ti-ti, ta”)

- high and low sounds
- unison: (1) The sound produced when two or more instruments or voices play or sing the same pitch. (2) The interval that occurs when two melodic parts (voices or instruments) join to produce the same sound.

- melodic contour: A graphic representation that illustrates the movement (rise and fall) of a melodic line. Also called pitch contour.

- simple melodic patterns using the notes “mi”, “so”, and “la” (e.g., the “so–mi–la–so–mi” pitch pattern in some children’s songs)
dynamics and other expressive controls:
- loud, soft; a strong sound for a note or beat (accent)
- smooth and detached articulation

timbre (also known as tone colour):
- vocal quality (e.g., speaking voice, singing voice), body percussion, sound quality of instruments (e.g., non-pitched and pitched percussion), environmental and found sounds

- single melodic line in unison (monophony)

- phrase, call and response